A vs An - Learning basic English grammar free online in PDF
A / an / the learning basic English
A vs an in English
First, let's compare a and an
Use the letter a before words that begin with consonants
Consonants = b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y and z
Examples. a nurse, a big tree, a boy
Use the letter an before words that begin with vowels.
Vowels = a, e, i, o and u
Examples an orange, an interesting movie, an apple
A and an rules English
You have to use a before u when the word sounds like ‘you’ and before eu
Example of a word that begins with u = university = a university
Example of a word that begins with eu = a European city.
You have to use an before words that begin with a silent h.
Example = an hour (silent 'h')
A / an explained
Now, let's compare a / an / the
Tony: I bought a football and a football boots yesterday.
Julian: Was the football boots expensive?
Rules for a / an /the
As a rule you use a / an with a noun to talk about a person or about a thing for the first time
When you need to talk about the person or a thing again.
The apple was very tasty
Special rules for a / an/ the
You have to use a / an with the following:- Prices, frequency and speeds.
Prices = Petrol costs £3 a gallon.
Frequency = I eat three bananas a day.
Speeds = He was driving at 60 miles an hour.
You also use a / an before hundred, thousand, and million
A hundred cars
A thousand flowers
You also use a / an when talking about jobs.
An English teacher.
You use the when there is only one of something.
May I go to the park?
Where's Tony? He in the office.
You also have to use the when talking about musical instruments
I play the drums.
Kitty plays the piano.
A / an / the explained and how to use them
When not to use A / an
To download the basic English grammar lesson about use a / an and the correctly in PDF. Click on the logo below